NEAR Blockchain Operating System(BOS) is Now Live on Near.org
In early 2023, the NEAR Foundation released the Blockchain Operating System (BOS), which is the first of its kind and serves as a shared layer for browsing and discovering the web. BOS is compatible with any blockchain, is open source, and represents a real alternative to centralized platforms such as Google, Amazon, Apple, Facebook, and Microsoft. The operating system is now live on near.org and allows for easier access and navigation for both users and developers.
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BOS is a blockchain-based protocol designed for creating and deploying decentralized front-ends, which aims to revolutionize the way we develop and interact with decentralized applications. The main goal of BOS is to make Web 3.0 accessible to all users.
BOS is built on three pillars: Gateways, Components, and Blockchains.
Gateways enable the general public to access locally hosted decentralized front-ends. These gateways consist of a Virtual Machine (VM) that is specifically designed to load and run front-ends built on different blockchains such as Ethereum, L2, or NEAR. The code for these front-ends is stored on the NEAR blockchain.
Components are front-ends for application layer protocols (such as Lido, Uniswap, Aave) that are only stored on the blockchain. These applications can be displayed in the gateway similar to smart contracts on Etherscan. Developers can fork and deploy their own versions of these applications or compose components together.
Components can make function calls to any blockchain with support for all EVM/L2 and NEAR chains. The source code for application front-ends is stored on the NEAR blockchain, which is very cheap overall because of its low data storage costs.
BOS helps to create secure and agile front-ends for Web 3.0 applications. Users can run blockchain applications locally to increase resistance to censorship. The code for components is always on-chain, increasing security and enabling local execution of the entire stack. BOS supports composability and the easy creation of new front-ends for smart contracts on the mainnet. As BOS is chain-agnostic, it provides developers working with multiple chains with a flexible solution.
NEAR is one of the blockchain projects that is striving to usher in a new era of Web 3.0, and I believe it's heading in the right direction for mass adoption. One of the advantages of NEAR is BOS, which provides an easy transition for developers between Web 2.0 and Web 3.0. This facilitates the integration of dApps and the blockchain, enabling developers to utilize new features without the need to extensively learn new technologies. Many users may not even notice this change, as NEAR does not force them to use Web 3.0 features. This can be seen on the near.org site. But thanks to BOS, NEAR could be highly popular among developers and users looking for an easy way to connect to Web 3.0.